Perch bass

Is it a white bass or a white perch?

WHITE BASS (Morone chrysops)

  • The body is deepest below the dorsal fin and the depth remains fairly uniform below the entire spin dorsal fin.
  • From 6 to 10 dark lines run horizontally down the back and sides.
  • When the spiny dorsal fin is pulled erect, the soft dorsal fin remains relaxed.
  • Each of 3 bony anal fin spines are of different lengths and are arranged in ascending order.
  • The anal fin usually has I I or 12 soft rays behind the 3 bony spines.
  • The body is deepest just ahead of, or at the beginning of, the dorsal fin.
  • There are no lines or stripes on the back or sides.
  • When the spiny dorsal fin is pulled erect, the soft dorsal fin also becomes erect.
  • The second and third bony anal spines are almost exactly the same length.
  • The anal fin usually has 8 or 9 soft rays behind the 3 bony spines.

The white bass and the white perch are members of a family known as the temperate basses, Percichthyidae, and are closely related to a very popular saltwater game fish, the striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Many anglers wrongly assume that the white perch is related to the yellow perch (Percaflavascens) but each are members of distinctly different families.

The white bass is a native species of Lake Erie and has been a popular sport and commercial fish since Ohio's early days. The white perch, on the other hand, is an invading species that has only recently appeared to be permanently establishing itself in Lake Erie. Originally a native of salt, brackish and fresh waters along the Atlantic coastal plain, the white perch apparently entered Lake Ontario in the 1940s via the Mohawk River, which connects the Hudson River with Lake Ontario's drainage basin. The first reports of white perch in Lake Erie occurred in 1953, after the fish apparently entered the lake via either the Erie Barge Canal or the Welland Canal. Several white perch were collected in Lake Erie by commercial fishermen and government agencies between 1973 and 1975 and today they are the second most abundant species in the Western Basin, according to the Ohio Division of Wildlife.

Both the white bass and the white perch are well suited to the types of habitats found in Lake Erie. The white bass is intensively sought by sportsmen during spring spawning runs in the Maumee, Sandusky, and Portage Rivers, and around the reefs and islands...

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